Mechanism of a Spinning Wheel

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Published: 31st March 2011
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The importance of textile in human endeavor is timeless. Its use in the manufacture of clothing, floor carpets, blankets and the like is extensively in demand for generations simply because it produces a common group of primary commodities. Even during the prehistoric period, man had already searched for ways to transform fibers to textile materials. Only a few hundred years ago, man discovered that spinning can twist fibers to form yarn, which are weaved to create cloth. This led to the invention of what our modern world calls "spinning wheel."





Spinning wheel is a device designed to utilize the artistic mechanism of spinning in twisting synthetic fiber to form yarn, a mechanism that involves simple functions performed by basic mechanical parts. A spinning wheel is composed primarily of a wheel, explicitly called "fly wheel" that is responsible for enabling all the parts to move upon pushing the treadle by foot.





The "treadle" is simply the pedal of the spinning wheel and can be likened to the controls of a vehicle. It needs to be pushed repeatedly to supply mechanical force to the wheel. The turning motion of the treadle is passed through the spinning wheel through a connecting tendon called "footman." This tendon extends from the tip of the beam attached under the treadle to the base of the spinning wheel.





In order for the spinning wheel to drive all other parts, "drive band" is attached around the wheel. This connects to a smaller wheel component called "flyer whorl." The function of the flyer whorl is to receive the mechanical energy from the spinning wheel to turn the "bobbin," a cylindrical bar installed horizontally with the flyer whorl and tangential to the large components of the spinning wheel that stores the spinning fiber.





Bobbin is supported by "flyer," a U-shape bar attached at one end of the flyer whorl with the two bars keeping the spinning fibers uniformly collected through the bobbin. The fiber is winched through an opening called "orifice" that directs it toward the bobbing while guarded by the flyer.





Everything is supported by "maidens," two inclined bars founded opposite each other, on a footing known as "Mother-of-all." All these parts work together to facilitate the performance of the spinning wheel in collecting the fiber and in forming yarn. The efficiency of its performance determines the need for spinning supplies in the production of yarn.

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